path: root/doc/features/
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authorJeff Darcy <>2014-04-22 15:37:09 +0000
committerJeff Darcy <>2014-04-22 15:37:09 +0000
commita827c5eab32a43ade5551259ea56a6a1af7e861b (patch)
treee6707df68f72baa8645210ba931272285116ad85 /doc/features/
parent46d333783a968ab39e0beade9c7a1eec8035f8b1 (diff)
parent99bfc2a2a1689da1e173cb2f8ef54d2b09ef3a5d (diff)
Merge branch 'upstream'
Conflicts: xlators/mgmt/glusterd/src/ xlators/mgmt/glusterd/src/glusterd-utils.c xlators/mgmt/glusterd/src/glusterd.h Change-Id: I27bdcf42b003cfc42d6ad981bd2bf8180176806d
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+#File Snapshot
+This feature gives the ability to take snapshot of files.
+This feature adds file snapshotting support to glusterfs. Snapshots can be created , deleted and reverted.
+To take a snapshot of a file, file should be in QCOW2 format as the code for the block layer snapshot has been taken from Qemu and put into gluster as a translator.
+With this feature, glusterfs will have better integration with Openstack Cinder, and in general ability to take snapshots of files (typically VM images).
+New extended attribute (xattr) will be added to identify files which are 'snapshot managed' vs raw files.
+##Volume Options
+Following volume option needs to be set on the volume for taking file snapshot.
+ # features.file-snapshot on
+##CLI parameters
+Following cli parameters needs to be passed with setfattr command to create, delete and revert file snapshot.
+ # trusted.glusterfs.block-format
+ # trusted.glusterfs.block-snapshot-create
+ # trusted.glusterfs.block-snapshot-goto
+##Fully loaded Example
+Download glusterfs3.5 rpms from
+Install these rpms.
+start glusterd by using the command
+ # service glusterd start
+Now create a volume by using the command
+ # gluster volume create <vol_name> <brick_path>
+Run the command below to make sure that volume is created.
+ # gluster volume info
+Now turn on the snapshot feature on the volume by using the command
+ # gluster volume set <vol_name> features.file-snapshot on
+Verify that the option is set by using the command
+ # gluster volume info
+User should be able to see another option in the volume info
+ # features.file-snapshot: on
+Now mount the volume using fuse mount
+ # mount -t glusterfs <vol_name> <mount point>
+cd into the mount point
+ # cd <mount_point>
+ # touch <file_name>
+Size of the file can be set and format of the file can be changed to QCOW2 by running the command below. File size can be in KB/MB/GB
+ # setfattr -n trusted.glusterfs.block-format -v qcow2:<file_size> <file_name>
+Now create another file and send data to that file by running the command
+ # echo 'ABCDEFGHIJ' > <data_file1>
+copy the data to the one file to another by running the command
+ # dd if=data-file1 of=big-file conv=notrunc
+Now take the `snapshot of the file` by running the command
+ # setfattr -n trusted.glusterfs.block-snapshot-create -v <image1> <file_name>
+Add some more contents to the file and take another file snaphot by doing the following steps
+ # echo '1234567890' > <data_file2>
+ # dd if=<data_file2> of=<file_name> conv=notrunc
+ # setfattr -n trusted.glusterfs.block-snapshot-create -v <image2> <file_name>
+Now `revert` both the file snapshots and write data to some files so that data can be compared.
+ # setfattr -n trusted.glusterfs.block-snapshot-goto -v <image1> <file_name>
+ # dd if=<file_name> of=<out-file1> bs=11 count=1
+ # setfattr -n trusted.glusterfs.block-snapshot-goto -v <image2> <file_name>
+ # dd if=<file_name> of=<out-file2> bs=11 count=1
+Now read the contents of the files and compare as below:
+ # cat <data_file1>, <out_file1> and compare contents.
+ # cat <data_file2>, <out_file2> and compare contents.
+##one line description for the variables used
+file_name = File which will be creating in the mount point intially.
+data_file1 = File which contains data 'ABCDEFGHIJ'
+image1 = First file snapshot which has 'ABCDEFGHIJ' + some null values.
+data_file2 = File which contains data '1234567890'
+image2 = second file snapshot which has '1234567890' + some null values.
+out_file1 = After reverting image1 this contains 'ABCDEFGHIJ'
+out_file2 = After reverting image2 this contians '1234567890'